A government-approved official document indicating that the right to manufacture and sell an industrial or commercial invention belongs to a person or a firm for a certain period of time is called patent.
A patented invention becomes the property of the inventor like other goods that can be bought, sold or rented. Patents create rights for the countries from which they are obtained.
While the recognition and protection of industrial rights encourages research and development and spreads by evaluating the technical information, on the other hand, it prepares the ground suitable for technology transfer, both inside and outside the country.
You are an entrepreneur and want to make a difference with the product you created. If you want your design to be eligible for registration, your design must not have been presented and shown for sale anywhere before the application date. At the same time, it is only possible to prevent your product from being used by third parties without your permission, only with the patent registration.
What is a Patent?
The patent is an official document that the inventor has various rights such as using, producing, selling or importing the invention for a certain period of time. It can also be said that there is a document showing who owns the right to use a technical or scientific invention.
Turkish Patent and Trademark Office is the only authorized office to issue a patent certificate in our country.
The patent document provides protection for 20 years from the date of application.
Purpose of Patent Laws is t encourage innovation, creative ideas, intellectual activities and to implement the technical solutions obtained by the inventions in the industry. Technical, economic and social progress is ensured by the patents given. High number of patents issued in developed countries in the field of industry proves the accuracy of this idea.
The invention can not be presented to the public in writing, verbally or in any other way within 12 months prior to application.
Creative Step (different from common techniques); The invention should differ from common techniques and produce a new path that any specialist can not easily bring. This criterion is not an obligation for Utility Model Document which can be provided by Turk Patent Office.
Industrial Applicability; The invention is not expected to be utopian, but is expected to be applied in the industry, and is expected to start within 4 years from the date of application.
Patent Types and Protection Times
Examined Patent; Protection period is 20 years from the date of application.
Unexamined Patent; The protection period is 7 years from the date of application.
Useful model; Protection period is 10 years from the date of application.
Invention Which Can’t Registered as Patent
Exploration, scientific theories, mathematical methods plans, methods and rules of mental, commercial or play activities. Literary or artistic works, scientific studies, computer software. On the other hand; If advanced technical support is provided when using a computer with a computer, it is possible to patent the machine and computer program together (for example, the automation system of a hospital, the software of a textile machine can be patented together with the machine.) Here are some examples of patents issued with the software.
Central encryption systems or high encryption flow methods.Communication network and system simulation procedures, any computer programming product or any object used for it. Methods, devices, or software programs that evaluate and / or process Multimedia Messaging Services (MMS) messages. System of choice. Procedures without a technical aspect for collecting, organizing, presenting or transmitting multiple customers' information for factories producing and selling shoes. Surgery or treatment methods applied for human or animal bodies. Diagnostic procedures for human and animal bodies. Inventions agaisnt public order or public morality. Plant and animal species. Plant or animal breeding methods.