The main subject of our seminar is the examination of patentability requirements according to the Turkish legislation. As one of the common descriptions of patent, it grants the owner a monopoly over the invention for a period of time in exchange for disclosure of an invention to the public1 . The history of humanity has witnessed numerous technical developments from the past to present, and technological development is now the sole factor when it comes to determining the fate of countries. Today, the country that will dominate the others is determined by the extent of investments in the latest technological developments made by that country. Millions of dollars have been invested in space technologies, artificial intelligence, 5G technologies2 or electric-powered vehicles, and these technological developments arise from thousands of patent applications for inventions. Human beings have been trying to find solutions to the technical problems for thousands of years, but the inventions are the main factors in solving these problems and the patenting of these inventions play a key role. This study was carried out in order to contribute to the understanding of the concept of patent which is so important in making technological progress. Essentially, what conditions are necessary to grant a patent, what is the invention, which invention is acceptable as patent? What are the criteria for granting a patent to an invention? What are we supposed to understand from innovation, invention step, and industrial applicability criteria? We aim to explain basic requirements of patentability to the inventors, technical people, investors who want to invest in the invention, consumers who use the invention through licensing and to all the parties who benefit from patent. Beginning from the history and theory of the patent, the historical legal development, the legislation on the patent in the Turkish legal system and the patentability criteria within the scope of the Law no. 6769 which entered into force in 2017 will be examined. Since the Turkish legislation is a part of the European patent system, the subject will be completed by briefly mentioning the European Patent Office (EPO) laws and practices.
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